Musician- Composers

Bossa nova began with a young group of artists and musicians in Rio de Janeiro, and, over the course of less than a decade, it spread throughout the world.

Origins: Bossa nova began in the mid-1950s with guitarist João Gilberto, who developed a style of smooth, muted samba. Gilberto went on to collaborate with composer Antônio Carlos Jobim to bring the new style to prominence in Brazil. In 1959, Gilberto released Chega de Saudade, the first album to exclusively feature bossa nova.

Jazz influence:
From the very beginning, bossa nova incorporated jazz chords and harmonies, which distinguished it from samba. Eventually, some samba musicians embraced harmonic complexity, and the term "jazz samba" became a bit of a catchall for both bossa nova and harmonically sophisticated samba.

Spread to the US: in the 1960s an American bossa nova craze took root, intertwining with the cool jazz movement. Americans including Herbie Mann, Charlie Byrd, Jim Hall, Paul Desmond, and even Frank Sinatra ran with the form. The Bonfá-penned "Manhã de Carnaval" became a major hit in the United States under the name "Black Orpheus."

DUKE ELLINGTON (1899-1974, the legendary bandleader, was also a respected composer of classical and popular works. With groundbreaking hits such as "Sophisticated Lady," Ellington vividly communicated universal ideas, while inventing musical concepts that helped elevate jazz to a sophisticated art form.

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HOAGY CARMICHAEL (1899–1981) was a songwriter, musician, actor, singer, and attorney. Carmichael was one of the most successful Tin Pan Alley songwriters of the 1930s, composing such classics as “Stardust” and “Skylark.”

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ANTONIO CARLOS JOBIM (1927–1994) was a Brazilian composer, pianist, songwriter, arranger, and singer. Considered one of the great exponents of Brazilian music or bossa nova, With the help of Stan Getz, Dizzy Gillespie, and Frank Sinatra, Brazilian music became a craze in America with“The Girl from Ipanema” as a favorite.


The Big Band (Swing) Era was between 1935 and 1945, Large music ensembles (17 players was common) toured the country playing one-night stands principally for teenagers to dance the “jitterbug” (now called “swing”). Popular band leaders were the “rock stars” of their time. The Duke Ellington Orchestra was one of the best.

Oscar Winner 1951